1941 · Iceland
Kristján Guðmundsson is an established contemporary visual artist, who was born and brought up in Iceland, like other celebrated artists such as Sigurður Árni Sigurðsson, Nicolai, Hugleikur Dagsson, Steina Vasulka, and Micha Laury. Kristján Guðmundsson was born in 1941.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Further Biographical Context for Kristján Guðmundsson
Kristján Guðmundsson was born in 1941 and was primarily inspired creatively by the 1960s growing up. Artistically, the decade began with the twin movements of Pop and Minimalism emerging parallel to each other. On one hand, Pop espoused the visual culture of the mainstream and mass media, and of products and consumerism. Artwork by artists such as Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Tom Wesselmann and Claes Oldenberg was inspired by the popular culture of the rapidly developing Capitalism of the United States, using things like advertising, comic books and ideas surrounding celebrity culture as their primary visual inspiration. A parallel movement was established on the West Coast in California - a strain that also related to language in art, and is viewed as the initial blossoming of conceptual art. Minimalism developed a formal language with no external references, based solely on line, colour and geometric form as key elements of both painting and sculpture. The significant figures of Minimalism included Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Agnes Martin. Pop Art was an influential offshoot of minimalism, a discipline made famous by through the work of artists like Victor Vasarely and Bridget Riley. Around the world many artistic movements resonated the artistic concerns of the previously mentioned movements, often with regional specialisms and nuance. In Italy, Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni developed Spatialism, and in Germany the Zero group under the leadership of Gunter Uecker espoused similar ideas. The influential school of Existentialist Philosophy was an important source of inspiration for artists, with artists like Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti becoming known worldwide for their idiosyncratic approaches to the human form and the angst related to the human condition.
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