Klaus Verscheure's exhibition
Historical Context of Belgium
Surrounded by France and the Netherlands, the modest country of Belgium has been significantly influenced by its neighbours throughout time and affirmed itself as an exciting and inventive artistic hub in the second half of the nineteenth century. Belgian art productions were crucial in the developing of Surrealism in the 1930s, primarily through the works of Rene Magritte and Paul Delvaux. Among others, Marcel Broodthaers, Wim Delvoye, Francis Alys and Luc Tuymans are key figures of the Belgian art scene of the twentieth century. Greatly influenced by Belgian artists, the Symbolist movement was a prominent artistic trend, early precursor to Surrealism, and including artists such as Léon Spilliaert, Jean Delville, Fernand Khnopff and James Ensor. As the era of the avant-garde began to take place in Europe towards the end of the nineteenth century, Brussels turned into a focal point for the Art Nouveau movement, which included the architect Victor Horta amongst its creators.