1989 · United States
Kevin Claiborne is a young emerging artist, who originates from the United States, like other famous artists such as Leah Guadagnoli, Leslie Ortiz, Laura Brothers, Patricia Broderick, and Jeff Koons. Kevin Claiborne was born in 1989.
Historical Context of United States
The United States has been a major country in the development of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, especially in the post war period, when the cultural status of New York asserted its influence over Paris, formerly considered as the most significant art centre globally.
Leading art movements developed and cultivated in significant ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in diverse forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast variants, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus various post-modern echoes of these many types. In the modern and contemporary period, the United States has exercised a powerful influence upon the worldwide visual culture, due to the hegemony of its economic and political systems. Key examples of critically acclaimed U.S artists of the modern and contemporary period include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Kevin Claiborne
Kevin Claiborne was born in 1989 and was predominantly inspired by the 1990s growing up. A collective of artists working in the United Kingdom, who came to be known as the YBAs, or Young British Artists, defined the artistic culture of the 1990s. Affiliated loosely by their age and nationality, they were a diverse collective of practitioners. Many of the YBAs attended the Royal College of Art and Goldsmiths in London, and were favoured by the ‘super collector’ of the time, Charles Saatchi. The most well known member of the group is Damien Hirst, and other members included Chris Ofili, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn, Gavin Turk, Sarah Lucas and Sam Taylor-Johnson (née Sam Taylor-Wood). The YBAs became famous for their use of shock tactics and sensationalism, alongside their use of throwaway materials, wild lifestyles and an attitude that was defiant yet commercial. Due to the high amount of media coverage that they garnered, they dominated British art during the 1990s, and their work was epitomised in the group show ‘Sensation’.
Relational Aesthetics, a term coined by curator Nicholas Bourriaud to describe the act of creating art based on human relations and their social context, became a central idea in the 1990s. Works by artists like Douglas Gordon, Gillian Wearing, Philippe Parenno and Liam Gillick were described as important artists who worked to this idea.
The art world was influenced by many trends throughout the decade, and was characterised by the derisive sculpture of Maurizio Cattelan, and sensitive, conceptual advancements as represented in the work of artists such as Felix Gonzalez-Torres.
Conceptual photography began to gain popularity, and was particularly inspired by German ideas and artists. German artists such as Andreas Gursky, Thomas Struth, and Wolfgang Tillmans gained international recognition, and in turn artists such as the Canadian Jeff Wall created works with a cinematic quality that was inspired by the German artists’ work. In terms of painting, Albert Oehlen and Martin Kippenberger secured influential status in the artistic community.
In Japan, a trend began to develop in response to the boom in advertising and consumerism that took place during the 1980s. The comic book culture of manga arose as an art form, and was allied to trends in advertising and graphic design. One of the prominent contemporary Japanese artists was Takashi Murakami, who coined the term ‘Superflat’, a theory influenced by the aesthetic characteristics of manga and the nature of post-war Japanese culture. Having been inspired by his experiences in New York City in the mid-1990s, Murakami formed an influential collective of artists called Kaikai Kiki, which became internationally recognised in a number of countries.