1960 · United States
Ken Schles is regarded as a well established artist, who originates from the United States. Ken Schles was born in 1960. Some of the artist's contemporarie that are from the same generation and country include Jenny Holzer, Bill Viola, Carrie Mae Weems, Cindy Sherman and Jeff Koons.
Historical Context of United States
The United States, particularly New York city, remains as a central point that has played a significant role in developing modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century. The concept of New York as a new multinational and highly influential art centre emerged in the post war era, and the city thrived in asserting its dominance over Paris, which used to be regarded as the most powerful international art capital. The authority of the political and economic structures of the United States in the modern era has granted the country with a powerful influence on the visual culture of the world. Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, are significant art movements that blossomed in the United States. These very movements also echoed into a myriad of variations, such as alternative forms of Abstract Expressionism, as well as East and West Coast adaptations of Pop Art, among others. Some internationally acclaimed U.S artists of the modern age include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Ken Schles
Born in 1960, Ken Schles grew up during the 1970s and was inspired by the artistic culture of the time. Conceptualism is often perceived as a reaction to Minimalism, and the leading art movement of the 1970s, challenging the boundaries of art with its revolutionary features. The movements that ensued were all characteristic of a strong desire to evolve and strengthen the art world, in response to the tensions of the previous 1960s. Process art branched out from Conceptualism, highlighting some of its most crucial aspects, but going further in creating mysterious and experimental artistic journeys, while Land Art brought creation to the outsides, initiating early ideas of environmentalism. In Germany, Expressive figure painting was given a second chance for the first time since the weakening of Abstract Expressionism almost two decades, the genre regained its distinction through the brushstrokes of Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer and Georg Baselitz. Most of the critically acclaimed artists from the 1960s, who had gained success and fame, kept their status in the 1970s. Andy Warhol was a key figure of those two decades, and in the 1970s started to experiment with film and magazine publishing, thus engaging in a cross-cultural activity that no other visual artist OF his standard had previously undertaken. By doing so, he secured his status as a celebrity. The Arte Povera movement, which emerged in Italy, received global acknowledgement in the 1970s, and leading figures such as Jannis Kounnelis, Mario Merz, and Michelangelo Pistoletto were critically acclaimed.