Kazland in private collections
Historical Context of United Kingdom
The UK has been an important hub for artistic production for centuries. While it accrued considerable wealth from colonisation and the rise of its Empire, it was also exposed to the cultural supremacy of other countries and continents. In the contemporary period, Britain had been largely overshadowed by the influence of its European neighbours on one side, and of the United States on the other. But towards the end of the 19th century, Britain became an important centre in the development of the avant-garde. This includes the Arts and Crafts Movement, a cutting-edge movement setting the tone for artist-led organisations, associations and organisational co-operative types that would later become into a template of sorts for bohemian artists movements of the Twentieth Century. Major artistic movements that epitomize British modernism include for instance Vorticism, comprised of artists associated with the Bloomsbury group. Some noteworthy British artists of the modern and contemporary era include Stanley Spencer, Francis Bacon, Lucian Freud, Leon Kossoff, Frank Auerbach, David Hockney, Bridget Riley, Paula Rego - and in more recent years the YBA generation led by Damien Hirst, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn, Chris Ofili and others.