Kathryn Keller Larkins
Historical Context of United States
The United States has been key in the development of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, particularly in the post war period, when the cultural importance of New York asserted its influence over Paris, formerly thought of as the most significant art centre globally. Leading art movements established and fostered in significant ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in diverse forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast variations, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus various post-modern iterations of these many types. In the modern and contemporary period, the United States has cultivated a powerful influence upon the visual culture of the World, due to the dominion of its economic and political structures. Key examples of world renowned U.S artists of the modern and contemporary period include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.