1945 · United States
Kathleen Gilje is an established contemporary visual artist, who was born in the United States. Kathleen Gilje was born in 1945. Born in the same country and around the same year are Chuck Close, Dale Chihuly, Bruce Nauman, James Turrell and Barbara Kruger.
Kathleen Gilje's Gallery representation
Kathleen Gilje's work is on display at Francis M. Naumann Fine Art located in New York, the United States.
Historical Context of United States
The United States has been a prominent country in the development of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, especially in the post war period, when the cultural prominence of New York asserted its influence over Paris, formerly thought of as the most important art hub globally. Major art movements established and fostered in extensive ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in various forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast variants, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus various post-modern repetitions of these many movements. In the modern and contemporary sphere, the United States has exercised a strong influence upon the global visual culture, due to the hegemony of its economic and political systems. Key examples of critically acclaimed U.S artists of the modern and contemporary period include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Kathleen Gilje
Kathleen Gilje was born in 1945 and was predominantly influenced creatively by the 1960s growing up. The universal impact of the 1960s was truly astonishing across the globe. Illustrative of a time stirring both faith and anger, the 1960s triggered an explosion of cutting-edge ideologies and movements, truly sensational and ground-breaking. Historically established in the context of the Cold War, which would have a highly powerful impact worldwide, mainly defined by the Iron Curtain dividing Europe both physically and spiritually, and significantly marked by the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The 1960s re-defined all pre-existing assumptions on gender, race and justice, questioned education as well as morality and selfhood – for instance through the civil rights movement and second wave of feminism, as well as student political uprisings. The incredible escalation of mass consumerism also defined the era, generating new trends in marketing and advertising. Minimalism established the crucial idea that art should subsist in its own reality, and not try to mimic the physical world. Born of a desire to erase all pre-established notions about art, Minimalism turned into a radically progressive movement, highly influential worldwide, with artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Dan Flavin as key figures. Minimalism became influential through the works of artists such as Victor Vasarely and Bridget Riley, while Pop art was a fundamental by-product of the latter, simultaneously critiquing and glorifying popular culture. The iconic contemporary art movements that echoed through the wave of radicalism of the 1960s also had their own nuances and scopes, distinctive to different regions or countries. Spatialism, for example, was established in Italy by Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni, and its ideologies embraced by the Zero group in Germany. Throughout Europe, the philosophy of Existentialism strongly influenced artists such as Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti, who strived to portray the raw human emotions often associated with reflections on death and the haunting angst of the meaninglessness of life.
- Galleries Representing this Artist