Julio Anaya Cabanding
1987 · Spain
Julio Anaya Cabanding is a young emerging artist, who originates from Spain, like other prominent artists such as Jaume Plensa, Daniel Sueiras, Guillermo Martin Bermejo, Juan Escudero, and Carlos Iglesias Faura. Julio Anaya Cabanding was born in 1987.
Historical Context of Spain
The influence of Spain was substantial in developing the art of the twentieth century. Initially with his Blue then Rose phases, although he would eventually relocate to Paris in 1904, Picasso revealed a truly expressive approach to figuration in the early 1900s, the era of post-Impressionism. Pablo Picasso is also thought to be the most influential original member of Cubism, a major art movement in which he would also be joined by Spanish artist Juan Gris. Though they were established in France for the majority part of their respective artistic careers, Salvador Dali and Joan Miro were both highly influential figures in the Surrealist movement.
The political and cultural setting of Spain during the twentieth century was governed by the totalitarian dictatorship of General Franco, whose regime subjugated the country from 1939 to 1975. His death induced a restitution of the monarchy to Juan-Carlos I, who consequently restructured the State. The Franco dictatorship, characterised by an intense anti-communist position, led to the exodus of major intellectual and cultural figures, determined to escape this oppressive system. The artistic and cultural flourishing of the avant-garde were deeply affected by this situation, as liberal artistic movements are commonly significative of leftist penchants. Some highly influential modern and contemporary Spanish artists include Antoni Tapíes, Eduardo Chillida, Eduardo Arroyo and Manolo Valdes.
Further Biographical Context for Julio Anaya Cabanding
Julio Anaya Cabanding was born in 1987 and was primarily influenced by the 1990s growing up. A collective of artists working in the United Kingdom, who came to be known as the YBAs, or Young British Artists, defined the artistic culture of the 1990s. Affiliated loosely by their age and nationality, they were a varied collective of practitioners. Many of the YBAs attended the Royal College of Art and Goldsmiths in London, and were favoured by the ‘super collector’ of the time, Charles Saatchi. The most famous member of the group is Damien Hirst, and other members included Chris Ofili, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn, Gavin Turk, Sarah Lucas and Sam Taylor-Johnson (née Sam Taylor-Wood). The YBAs became known for their use of shock tactics and sensationalism, alongside their use of throwaway materials, wild lifestyles and an attitude that was defiant yet entrepreneurial. Due to the high amount of media coverage that they received, they dominated British art during the 1990s, and their work was epitomised in the group show ‘Sensation’.
Relational Aesthetics, a term coined by curator Nicholas Bourriaud to describe the act of creating art based on human relations and their social context, became a key idea in the 1990s. Works by artists including Douglas Gordon, Gillian Wearing, Philippe Parenno and Liam Gillick were described as important artists who worked to this idea.
The art world was influenced by many trends throughout the decade, and was characterised by the derisive sculpture of Maurizio Cattelan, and sensitive, conceptual advancements as represented in the work of artists including Felix Gonzalez-Torres.
Conceptual photography began to gain popularity, and was particularly inspired by German ideas and artists. German artists like Andreas Gursky, Thomas Struth, and Wolfgang Tillmans gained major recognition, and in turn artists such as the Canadian Jeff Wall created works with a cinematic aesthetic that was inspired by the German artists’ work. In terms of painting, Albert Oehlen and Martin Kippenberger secured influential status in the artistic community.
In Japan, a trend began to emerge in response to the boom in advertising and consumerism that took place during the 1980s. The comic book culture of manga arose as an art form, and was allied to trends in advertising and graphic design. One of the prominent contemporary Japanese artists was Takashi Murakami, who coined the term ‘Superflat’, a theory influenced by the visual characteristics of manga and the nature of post-war Japanese culture. Having been inspired by his experiences in New York City in the mid-1990s, Murakami formed an influential group of artists called Kaikai Kiki, which became internationally recognised in a number of countries.