1989 · France
Julie-Escoffier is a young emerging artist, who was born and brought up in France, like other renowned artists such as Pez, Damien Deroubaix, Alain Clement, Thomas Lanfranchi, and Sacha Goldberger. Julie-Escoffier was born in 1989.
Historical Context of France
France strikes out as one of the most influential agents of modernism. What is today known as the avant-garde was pioneered in the first half of the nineteenth century, and embraced progressive and ground-breaking movements such as Impressionism, Post-impressionism and Art Nouveau, led by key figures of the art sphere. Applauded and leading French artists from the beginning of the twentieth century include Paul Cezanne, Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, although he originally was a Spanish national who settled in France, as well as Francis Picabia, Marcel Duchamp, Man Ray, and Le Corbusier, to name a few. Paris was considered to be the most influential and intellectual artistic centre at the onset of the century and contributed to the development of such fundamental movements as Cubism, Fauvism, Dadaism and Surrealism, amongst others, which flourished in the post war era.
Further Biographical Context for Julie-Escoffier
Born in 1989, Julie-Escoffier's creative work was predominantly inspired by the 1990s. In the United Kingdom, a collective of artists known as the YBAs, or Young British Artists, dominated the artistic culture of the decade. They were a loosely affiliated and diverse group, connected generally by their age and nationality. A number of the members had attended the Royal College of Art and Goldsmiths in London, and were favoured by Charles Saatchi, the ‘super collector’ of art at the time. The most well-known member of YBAs is arguably Damien Hirst, and other members included Chris Ofili, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn, Gavin Turk, Sarah Lucas and Sam Taylor-Johnson (née Sam Taylor-Wood). Through their use of shock tactics and sensationalism, the YBAs garnered a controversial reputation image which was further fuelled by their use of throwaway materials, wild lifestyles and an attitude that was at the same time rebellious and entrepreneurial. The group dominated the British art scene in the 1990s and their group show ‘Sensation’ is now viewed as legendary. Relational Aesthetics, a term coined by curator Nicholas Bourriaud to describe the act of making art based on human relations and their social context, became a central idea in the 1990s. Works by artists including Douglas Gordon, Gillian Wearing, Philippe Parenno and Liam Gillick were described as important artists who worked to this idea.