1979 · Austria
Julian Khol is a mid-career contemporary visual artist, who was born in Austria, like other famous artists such as Clemens Krauss, Bischoffshausen Hans, Eva Grün, Christine & Irene Hohenbüchler, and Jakob Kirchmayr. Julian Khol was born in 1979.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Julian Khol is represented and exhibited by two galleries, which are Haas & Gschwandtner and Gallery 2CforArt in Salzburg, Austria. Julian Khol's work has most recently been displayed during the exhibition GALERIE KANDLHOFER | SCULPTURE GARDEN at Galerie Lisa Kandlhofer in Vienna, Austria. The exhibition was open from 07 September 2019 until 26 October 2019. Julian Khol's other most recent exhibitions recorded on Artland include the exhibitions; Revue – Jahresausstellung (03 December 2019 - 17 January 2020) at Gallery 2CforArt in Salzburg and INSIGHT INSIDE (19 January 2018 - 17 March 2018) at Gallery 2CforArt in Salzburg.
Historical Context of Austria
At the start of the 20th century, Austria was among the most innovative and culturally progressive countries. It fostered important developments in the Arts and Crafts Movement and Art Nouveau, called Jugendstil in German, from around 1895 to 1910, forming a key bridge between the nineteenth century and the commencement of modernism. This kind of progressive, avant-garde thinking led directly into the Viennese Secession movement, one of the key art and design movements of the early twentieth century. It was formed in 1897 by a group of Austrian painters, graphic artists, sculptors and architects, including Josef Hoffman Koloman Moser, Otto Wagner, and Gustave Klimt, when artists resigned, en masse, from the Association of Austrian Artists in protest against its support for more traditional artistic styles. and an exchange of ideas with artists outside Austria, disputing artistic nationalism, renewing the decorative arts and, most crucially, creating a "total art (Gesamtkunstwerk)" that unified painting, architecture, and the decorative arts. The group was vehemently opposed to the domination of the official Vienna Academy of the Arts (the Vienna Künstlerhaus), and official art salons, with their traditional orientation toward Historicism. Ultimately the group broke apart, the decorative artists choosing instead to focus on a new guild called the Wiener Werkstatte. In the late 1930s, Austria was annexed by the growing force of Hitler's Nazi Germany, an act known as the Anschluss, and which organised Austria into a province of a greater German Reich. During this period, like in Germany, the Avant-garde was labelled 'Entartete Kunst', translating to 'degenerate art', and was oppressed with only 'official' social realist art being approved, or even allowed by the state. Consequently, there was a significant exodus of creative talent who determined that their interests would be best served by relocating to London or New York. In the 20th century, central Austrian artists included Josef Hoffman, Gustav Klimt, Egon Schiele, Herbert Bayer (the typography and graphic design pioneer of the Bauhaus), architect and designer Josef Frank, Oskar Kokoschka, Alfred Kubin, Friedensreich Hundertwasser, Maria Lassnig, Hermann Nitsch, Arnulf Rainer, Franz West and Erwin Wurm.
Further Biographical Context for Julian Khol
Julian Khol was born in 1979 and was predominantly influenced by the 1980s. The generation of artists that grew up in, and were inspired by, the nineteen eighties was influenced by a period of quickly growing global capitalism, political upheaval, significant wealth differences, global mass media and distinctive music and fashion, including electronic pop music and hip hop. The nineteen eighties was the era of African famine, the height of the Cold War, and also the end of it, as marked by the fall of the Berlin Wall. influential art movements of the era include Neo Geo, The Pictures Generation and the international trend of Neo-Expressionism which manifested in Germany, the USA and Italy (where it was known as Transavanguardia). The decade was exemplified by artists like Anselm Kiefer, Jörg Immendorf, Enzo Cucchi, Francesco Clemente and Julian Schnabel. Street art and graffiti began to gain prominence, notable artists of which include Jean-Michel Basquiat, Keith Haring and Kenny Scharf.
- Galleries Representing this Artist