1956 · United States
Judith Belzer is an established contemporary artist, who originates from the United States. Judith Belzer was born in 1956. Artists Felix Gonzalez-Torres, Bill Viola, Tony Oursler, Cindy Sherman and Keith Haring are of the same generation and same country as Judith Belzer.
Historical Context of United States
The United States, in particular New York city, remains as a central point that has played a substantial role in developing modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century. The concept of New York as a new multinational and highly powerful art centre appeared in the post war era, and the city succeeded in asserting its supremacy over Paris, which used to be considered as the most powerful global art capital. The predominance of the political and economic structures of the United States in the modern sphere has granted the country with a prevailing influence on the visual culture of the world. Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, are essential art movements that emerged in the US. These very movements also echoed into a multitude of variations, such as alternative forms of Abstract Expressionism, as well as East and West Coast adaptations of Pop Art, among others. Some internationally distinguished U.S artists of the modern age include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Judith Belzer
Born in 1956, Judith Belzer's creative work was primarily influenced by the 1970s. The art sphere of the 1970s was characterized by a wish to evolve and strengthen itself, as a reaction to the many tensions of the previous decade. One of the most important movement of the 1970s was Conceptualism, which appeared as an offshoot of Minimalism, while the experimental, creative journey of Process art materialized by combining essential aspects of Conceptualism with further reflections on art itself. The earliest ideas of environmentalism sprung from Land Art, which took art into earth itself, sculpting the land and bringing art to the outdoors. For the first time since the regression of Abstract Expressionism, Expressive figure painting slowly resurfaced and regained its status, predominantly in Germany through the works of world renowned figures Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer and Georg Baselitz. The city of New York persisted as the most prominent artistic hub of the decade, with global artists drifting through the downtown scene, frequenting bars and art galleries, strengthening the idea of New York City as a cosmopolitan and refined cultural capital. Reaching the end of the 1970s, street art, emerging from graffiti, was starting to truly mesmerize the fine art community. Keith Haring and Jean-Michel Basquiat helped legitimize spray painting and tagging, proving that their artworks could subsist at the same time in art galleries and in urban settings. Following, the international reach of street art would become extremely significant, representing an extraordinary form of artistic expression.