Juan Peris is a modern visual artist, who was born in Spain - other established artists such as Concha Gómez-Acebo, Ydáñez Santiago, Eduardo Arroyo, Joan Ponç, and Anna Bresolí were also born in Spain.
Historical Context of Spain
The influence of Spain was significant in developing the art of the twentieth century. Initially with his Blue then Rose phases, although he would eventually settle in to Paris in 1904, Picasso unfolded a truly expressive approach to figuration in the early 1900s, the era of post-Impressionism. Pablo Picasso is also thought to be the most influential founding member of Cubism, a major art movement in which he would also be joined by Spanish artist Juan Gris. While they were established in France for the majority part of their respective artistic careers, Salvador Dali and Joan Miro were both highly prominent figures in the Surrealist movement. The political and cultural landscape of Spain in the twentieth century was controlled by the totalitarian dictatorship of General Franco, whose regime dominated the country from 1939 to 1975. His passing prompted a restoration of the monarchy to Juan-Carlos I, who thus reformed the State. The Franco dictatorship, typified by an intense anti-communist position, led to the departure of major intellectual and cultural figures, decided to escape this oppressive regime. The artistic and cultural flourishing of the avant-garde were greatly affected by this situation, as liberal artistic movements are frequently significative of leftist inclinations. Some critically acclaimed modern and contemporary Spanish artists include Antoni Tapíes, Eduardo Chillida, Eduardo Arroyo and Manolo Valdes.