Juan José Aquerreta

1946 · Spain

Artist biography

Juan José Aquerreta is an established artist, who was born and brought up in Spain, like other prominent artists such as Antonio Santín, Jacinto Moros, José Ortiz-Echagüe, Colita, and Dani Marti. Juan José Aquerreta was born in 1946.

Juan José Aquerreta's Gallery representation

Juan José Aquerreta is represented and exhibited by Galería Marlborough | Madrid in Spain.

Historical Context of Spain

The influence of Spain was substantial in developing the art of the twentieth century. Initially with his Blue then Rose phases, although he would eventually relocate to Paris in 1904, Picasso unfolded a truly expressive approach to figuration in the early 1900s, the era of post-Impressionism. Pablo Picasso is also considered as the most influential original member of Cubism, a major art movement in which he would also be joined by Spanish artist Juan Gris. While they were settled in France for the most part of their respective artistic careers, Salvador Dali and Joan Miro were both highly influential figures in the Surrealist movement. The political and cultural setting of Spain in the twentieth century was controlled by the totalitarian dictatorship of General Franco, whose regime subjugated the country from 1939 to 1975. His passing prompted a restoration of the monarchy to Juan-Carlos I, who consequently reformed the State. The Franco dictatorship, characterised by an intense anti-communist position, led to the exodus of major intellectual and cultural figures, decided to escape this oppressive regime. The artistic and cultural flourishing of the avant-garde were deeply stirred by this situation, as liberal artistic movements are frequently associated with leftist inclinations. Some highly influential modern and contemporary Spanish artists include Antoni Tapíes, Eduardo Chillida, Eduardo Arroyo and Manolo Valdes.

Further Biographical Context for Juan José Aquerreta

Juan José Aquerreta was born in 1946 and was predominantly inspired creatively by the 1960s growing up. The universal impact of the 1960s was truly astonishing across the globe. Representative of a time inspiring both hope and anger, the 1960s triggered an outburst of cutting-edge philosophies and movements, truly sensational and ground-breaking. Historically set in the context of the Cold War, which would have a highly influential impact globally, largely defined by the Iron Curtain separating Europe both physically and spiritually, and drastically marked by the erection of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The 1960s re-defined all pre-existing assumptions on gender, race and justice, questioned education as well as morality and selfhood – for instance through the civil rights movement and second wave of feminism, as well as student political uprisings. The incredible boom of mass consumerism also defined the era, engendering new trends in marketing and advertising. Minimalism established the central idea that art should exist in its own reality, and not try to mimic the physical world. Born of a desire to erase all pre-established notions about art, Minimalism became a radically progressive movement, highly influential worldwide, with artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Dan Flavin as key actors. Minimalism became significant through the works of artists such as Victor Vasarely and Bridget Riley, while Pop art was a fundamental by-product of the latter, simultaneously critiquing and glorifying popular culture. The iconic contemporary art movements that echoed through the wave of radicalism of the 1960s also had their own nuances and scopes, particular to different areas or countries. Spatialism, for instance, was founded in Italy by Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni, and its ideologies adopted by the Zero group in Germany. Across Europe, the philosophy of Existentialism deeply influenced artists like Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti, who sought to depict the raw human emotions often connected to reflections on death and the haunting anxiety of the meaninglessness of life.

Juan José Aquerreta

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