1963 · United Kingdom
Josh Garber is an established contemporary visual artist, who originates from the United Kingdom. Josh Garber was born in 1963. Born in the same country and of the same generation are Chris Ofili, Sam Taylor-Johnson (Taylor-Wood), Chantal Joffe, Tacita Dean and David Shrigley.
Historical Context of United Kingdom
Through colonisation and the resulting rise of its Empire, the United Kingdom reached the status of a giant, although the prosperity and economic power did not shelter it from the obvious cultural supremacy of other continents and countries. With the United States on one side and its European neighbours on the other, Britain had been to a rather significant extent eclipsed by their respective influence on the art of the modern world. But it is towards the end of the nineteenth century that it truly became an essential and vital agent in the development of the avant-garde, through major and progressive trends such at the Arts and Crafts Movement, which would become fundamental to the further development of bohemian artists movements or other artist-led organisation of the twentieth century. Vorticism is a significant movement, essentially characteristic of British modernism, it involved artists known for their affiliation to the Bloomsbury group. A few critically acclaimed British artists of the modern and contemporary period include Stanley Spencer, Francis Bacon, Lucian Freud, Leon Kossoff, Frank Auerbach, David Hockney, Bridget Riley and Paula Rego among others – as well as the YBA generation led by Damien Hirst, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn and Chris Ofili, in more recent years.
Further Biographical Context for Josh Garber
Josh Garber was born in 1963 and was largely influenced by the 1980s growing up. The generation of artists that grew up in, and took inspiration from, the nineteen eighties was influenced by a period of rapidly growing global capitalism, political upheaval, notable wealth differences, global mass media and distinctive music and fashion, including electronic pop music and hip hop. The nineteen eighties was the era of African famine, the height of the Cold War, and also the end of it, as marked by the fall of the Berlin Wall. Important art movements of the era include Neo Geo, The Pictures Generation and the global trend of Neo-Expressionism which manifested in Germany, the USA and Italy (where it was known as Transavanguardia). The decade was exemplified by artists like Anselm Kiefer, Jörg Immendorf, Enzo Cucchi, Francesco Clemente and Julian Schnabel. Street art and graffiti began to gain recognition, notable artists of which include Jean-Michel Basquiat, Keith Haring and Kenny Scharf.