José María De Labra

1925 · Spain

Artist biography

José María De Labra is regarded as a well established artist, who was born and brought up in Spain. José María De Labra was born in 1925. Born in the same country and around the same year are Antoni Tapies, Eduardo Chillida and Eduardo Arroyo.

José María De Labra's Gallery representation

José María De Labra's work is available for viewing at Galería José de la Mano located in Madrid, Spain.

Historical Context of Spain

The influence of Spain was substantial in developing the art of the twentieth century. Initially with his Blue then Rose periods, although he would eventually settle in to Paris in 1904, Picasso revealed a truly expressive approach to figuration in the early 1900s, the era of post-Impressionism. Pablo Picasso is also considered as the most influential founding member of Cubism, a major art movement in which he would also be joined by Spanish artist Juan Gris. Though they were established in France for the majority part of their respective artistic careers, Salvador Dali and Joan Miro were both highly influential figures in the Surrealist movement. The political and cultural setting of Spain during the twentieth century was controlled by the totalitarian dictatorship of General Franco, whose regime dominated the country from 1939 to 1975. His passing prompted a restitution of the monarchy to Juan-Carlos I, who consequently reformed the State. The Franco dictatorship, typified by an intense anti-communist position, led to the exodus of major intellectual and cultural figures, decided to escape this oppressive system. The artistic and cultural blossoming of the avant-garde were deeply stirred by this situation, as liberal artistic movements are commonly associated with leftist inclinations. Some highly influential modern and contemporary Spanish artists include Antoni Tapíes, Eduardo Chillida, Eduardo Arroyo and Manolo Valdes.

Further Biographical Context for José María De Labra

Born in 1925, José María De Labra was largely influenced by the 1950s growing up. It can be said that the 1950s were dominated by Abstract Expressionism, a form of painting that prioritised expressive brushstrokes and explored ideas about organic nature, spirituality and the sublime. Much of the focus was on the formal techniques of painting, and ideas of action painting were unified with the political freedom of the United States society as opposed to the strictures nature of the Soviet bloc. Influential artists of the Abstract Expressionist Generation included Jackson Pollock (who innovated his famed drip, splatter and pour painting techniques), Willem de Kooning, Mark Rothko, Frank Kline, Barnett Newman, Clyfford Still and Adolph Gottlieb. It was a male dominated environment, but necessary reassessment of this period has emphasised the contributions of female artists such as Lee Krasner, Joan Mitchell, and Louise Bourgeois, amongst others.

José María De Labra

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