Jose Luis Martínez
Further Biographical Context for Jose Luis Martínez
Jose Luis Martínez was born in 1929 and was primarily influenced by the 1930s. Internationally this period can be best characterised by the clash between the world’s predominant political philosophies - Marxist Socialism, Capitalist Democracy, and the Totalitarianism of both Communism and Fascism. In the United States, the Great Depression had a tremendous influence on artistic production, with a number of artists taking inspiration from the agrarian and the humble man in the streets. It was the first time in US history that widespread collectives of artists began to address politics, and attempted to use their art to impact society. Artists organized exhibitions on social and political themes such as poverty, lack of affordable housing, anti-lynching, anti-fascism, and workers' strikes.