José Luis Gómez Perales

1923 · Spain

Artist biography

José Luis Gómez Perales is an established artist, who was born in Spain. José Luis Gómez Perales was born in 1923. Born in the same country and of the same generation are Antoni Tapies, Eduardo Chillida and Eduardo Arroyo.

José Luis Gómez Perales' Gallery representation

José Luis Gómez Perales' work is available for viewing at Galería José de la Mano in Madrid, Spain.

Historical Context of Spain

The influence of Spain was substantial in developing the art of the twentieth century. Initially with his Blue then Rose phases, although he would eventually settle in to France in 1904, Picasso revealed a truly expressive approach to figuration in the early 1900s, the era of post-Impressionism. Pablo Picasso is also thought to be the most influential original member of Cubism, a major art movement in which he would also be joined by Spanish artist Juan Gris. Though they were established in France for the majority part of their respective artistic careers, Salvador Dali and Joan Miro were both highly influential figures in the Surrealist movement. The political and cultural setting of Spain during the twentieth century was governed by the totalitarian autocracy of General Franco, whose regime subjugated the country from 1939 to 1975. His passing induced a restitution of the monarchy to Juan-Carlos I, who consequently reformed the State. The Franco dictatorship, typified by a fierce anti-communist position, led to the exodus of major intellectual and cultural figures, determined to escape this oppressive system. The artistic and cultural flourishing of the avant-garde were greatly affected by this situation, as liberal artistic movements are frequently significative of leftist penchants. Some highly influential modern and contemporary Spanish artists include Antoni Tapíes, Eduardo Chillida, Eduardo Arroyo and Manolo Valdes.

Further Biographical Context for José Luis Gómez Perales

Born in 1923, José Luis Gómez Perales' creative work was primarily influenced by the 1930s. The period of the 1930s is epitomised by the conflict between a number of political ideologies, including Marxist Socialism, Capitalist Democracy, and the Totalitarianism of both Communism and Fascism. Surrealism continued to dominate in Europe, and had influence internationally. Artists such as Frida Kahlo and Diego Riviera in Mexico, worked to incorporate the ideas posed by Surrealism into their radical political philosophies, developing a new kind of magic realism.

José Luis Gómez Perales

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