1922 - 2005
Further Biographical Context for José Augusto
José Augusto was born in 1922 and was largely inspired creatively by the 1930s. Internationally this period can be best characterised by the conflict between the world’s dominant political philosophies - Marxist Socialism, Capitalist Democracy, and the Totalitarianism of both Communism and Fascism. In the United States, the Great Depression had a tremendous influence on artistic production, with a number of artists focusing on the agrarian and the modest man in the streets. It was the first time in US history that widespread movements of artists began to address politics, and endeavoured to use their art to influence society. Artists focused exhibitions on social and political themes such as poverty, lack of affordable housing, anti-lynching, anti-fascism, and workers' strikes.