1982 · United States
Jonathan Gardner is seen as an established mid-career artist, who originates from the United States, like other artists such as Daniel Douke, Jeff Way, Calida Rawles, Aileen Berg (Buckellew), and John Dowell. Jonathan Gardner was born in 1982.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Two galleries around the world represent and exhibit Jonathan Gardner's work, which are Mary Mary in Glasgow, the United Kingdom and Casey Kaplan in New York, the United States. Jonathan Gardner most recent exhibition recorded on Artland was at Almine Rech Gallery | Paris in France (11 October 2019 until 15 November 2019) with the exhibition Chorus Organized with Bill Powers.
Historical Context of United States
The United States has been key in the development of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, particularly in the post war era, when the cultural prominence of New York assumed primacy over Paris, formerly considered as the most significant art centre in the world. Major art movements developed and fostered in significant ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in diverse forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast variants, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus a multitude of post-modern iterations of these many movements. In the modern and contemporary period, the United States has cultivated a prevailing influence over the international visual culture, due to the hegemony of its economic and political structures. Key examples of important U.S artists of the modern and contemporary era include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Jonathan Gardner
Jonathan Gardner was born in 1982 and was largely influenced creatively by the 1990s. Art in the 1990s was defined at the beginning of the decade by a group of artists in the United Kingdom that came to be known as the YBAs, or Young British Artists. They were a diverse collective of practitioners, affiliated loosely by their age, nationality, and their association with Goldsmiths and the Royal College of Art in London, alongside being favoured by super collector of the time Charles Saatchi. The most renowned artist of the group is Damien Hirst, who was also an early organiser of group activities. Other members included Chris Ofili, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn, Gavin Turk, Sarah Lucas and Sam Taylor-Wood. Much of their art became famous for shock tactics and the sensationalism of both material and message. They also became known for their use of throwaway materials, wild-living, and an attitude that was simultaneously counter-culture rebellion but also entrepreneurial. They gained a large amount of media coverage and dominated British art during the decade. Their international shows in the mid-1990s included the now legendary ‘Sensation'. Relational Aesthetics became a core idea. It was a term created by curator Nicholas Bourriaud in the 1990s to describe the tendency to make art based on, or inspired by, human relations and their social context. Works by artists including Douglas Gordon, Gillian Wearing, Philippe Parenno and Liam Gillick were described as important artists who worked to this outline.