Jonathan Borofsky

1942 · United States

Artist biography

Jonathan Borofsky is a contemporary artist considered well established, who originates from the United States. Jonathan Borofsky was born in 1942. Artists Chuck Close, Dale Chihuly, Bruce Nauman, James Turrell and Barbara Kruger are of the same generation and same country as Jonathan Borofsky.

Jonathan Borofsky's Gallery representation

Jonathan Borofsky's work is available for viewing at Jack Rutberg Fine Arts in Los Angeles, the United States.

Historical Context of United States

The United States has been a major country in the development of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, especially in the post war period, when the cultural status of New York asserted its influence over Paris, previously thought of as the most powerful art hub in the world. Leading art movements developed and fostered in significant ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in varied forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast variations, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus a multitude of post-modern echoes of these many movements. In the modern and contemporary sphere, the United States has cultivated a prevailing influence over the international visual culture, due to the dominion of its economic and political structures. Key examples of world renowned U.S artists of the modern and contemporary period include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.

Further Biographical Context for Jonathan Borofsky

Jonathan Borofsky was born in 1942, grew up during the 1960s and was inspired by the artistic atmosphere of the time. Historically set in the context of the Cold War, the 1960s represent an extremely influential era which engendered an important number of disruptions and questioned the order of all things. In Europe, The Iron Curtain and the Berlin wall would permanently mark people and beliefs, while in the U.S, events such as the Cuban missile crisis and Vietnam war would forever impact generations to come. From education to gender issues and ideologies, a re-definition of social standards in Western society ensued, with revolutionary philosophies and movements evolving in a cradle of inventiveness. Simplicity and an void of emotions were key concepts in the highly influential movement of Minimalism, represented by artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Agnes Martin. Uninterested in the gestural elements of Abstract Expressionism, Minimalist artists focused on producing artworks mainly composed of polished, clean lines and geometrical elements. Delving further into some of the ideas inherent to Abstract Expressionism, artists such as Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland and Helen Frankenthaler practiced Colour Field Painting – decidedly relating to Minimalism, with an essentially ruled-based approach, emptied of any expressive aspect. Several schools of philosophy deeply influenced creatives, Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti were artists fundamentally seduced by the ideas of Existentialism, who achieved worldwide fame through their depiction of the human form and the lament often associated with the human condition. Internationally, an important number of art movements resonated with the radical changes of the 1960s, often prone to their own regional distinctions. In Italy, Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni created Spatialism, while in Germany, the Zero group espoused similar ideas under the leadership of Günther Uecker.

Jonathan Borofsky