Johnnie Winona Ross
1949 · United States
Johnnie Winona Ross is regarded as a well established artist, who was born and brought up in the United States. Johnnie Winona Ross was born in 1949. Born in the same country and around the same year are Chuck Close, Robert Mappelthorpe, Bruce Nauman, Laurie Andersen and Barbara Kruger.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Johnnie Winona Ross is represented by two galleries. These are Barry Whistler Gallery in Dallas, the United States and Brian Gross Fine Art in San Francisco, the United States. Johnnie Winona Ross most recent exhibition recorded on Artland was at Brian Gross Fine Art in San Francisco (07 August 2019 until 23 August 2019) with the exhibition summer group.
Historical Context of United States
The United States, in particular New York city, remains as a focal point that has played a substantial role in developing modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century. The concept of New York as a new multinational and highly powerful art centre emerged in the post war era, and the city thrived in affirming its supremacy over Paris, which used to be regarded as the most powerful international art capital. The authority of the political and economic institutions of the United States in the modern era has granted the country with a prevailing influence on the visual culture of the world. Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, are significant art movements that flourished in the United States. These very movements also reverberated into a multitude of variations, such as diverse forms of Abstract Expressionism, as well as East and West Coast variants of Pop Art, among others. Some internationally acclaimed U.S artists of the contemporary period age include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Johnnie Winona Ross
Born in 1949, Johnnie Winona Ross' creative work was predominantly inspired by the 1960s. Artistically, the decade began with the twin movements of Pop and Minimalism emerging alongside each other. On one hand, Pop advocated the visual culture of the mainstream and mass media, and of products and consumerism. The work of art by artists like Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Tom Wesselmann and Claes Oldenberg was inspired by the popular culture of the fast developing Capitalism of the United States, using things like advertising, comic books and ideas surrounding celebrity culture as their primary visual cues. A parallel movement was established on the West Coast in California - a strain that also related to language in art, and is viewed as the very first developments of conceptual art. Minimalism developed a formal language with no external references, based solely on line, colour and geometric form as key components of both painting and sculpture. The significant figures of Minimalism included Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Agnes Martin. Colour Field painting, as practiced by Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland and Helen Frankenthaler, further explored some of the expressive ideas of Abstract Expressionism, but reduced much of the rhetoric, instead approaching a more rule-based approach to surface and colour that related this practice to Minimalism. Globally, many artistic movements resonated the creative concerns of the above mentioned movements, often with regional fortes and nuance. In Italy, Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni established Spatialism, and in Germany the Zero group under the leadership of Gunter Uecker espoused similar ideas. The influential school of Existentialist Philosophy was an important source of inspiration for artists, with artists like Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti becoming known worldwide for their distinguishing approaches to the human form and the angst related to the human condition.