John R. Maxwell

1909

Artist biography

John R. Maxwell was a visual artist. John R. Maxwell was born in 1909. Artists Bruce Bellas (Aka Bruce Of La), Gust Mertens, Hayes Lyon, Wilhelm Bjerke-Petersen, and Irène Zurkinden are of the same generation.

Further Biographical Context for John R. Maxwell

John R. Maxwell was born in 1909 and was primarily influenced creatively by the 1920s. The 1920s and 1930s saw continued development and evolution of the key innovations of the first years of the twentieth century. To have these years as the formative period for an artist was to be surrounded by innovative practitioners of the visual arts. It was also a time of recovery and introspection after the horrors of the First World War, which saw important shifts in politics. Marxism was a widespread political ideology which was also particularly influential amid artists and their communities. notable artistic developments included a kind of expressive mannerism which was exemplified by Brancusi, Modigliani and Soutine in Paris. Surrealism grew throughout the 1920s and 1930s, with a focus on the human unconscious - a key idea of Freudian theory. Notable Surrealist artists include Salvador Dali, Giorgio de Chirico, Andre Breton, Rene Magritte and Paul Delvaux. Due to its cultural importance, much of this ideology spread worldwide.

John R. Maxwell

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