1943 · United States
John Meyer is seen as an established artist, who was born in the United States. John Meyer was born in 1943. Artists Chuck Close, Dale Chihuly, Bruce Nauman, James Turrell and Barbara Kruger are of the same generation and same country as John Meyer.
Historical Context of United States
The United States has been a prominent country in the evolution of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, especially in the post war period, when the cultural prominence of New York assumed primacy over Paris, formerly considered as the most important art centre globally. Leading art movements developed and cultivated in significant ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in diverse forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast variants, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus various post-modern echoes of these many types. In the modern and contemporary period, the United States has cultivated a powerful influence over the international visual culture, due to the authority of its economic and political systems. Key examples of world renowned U.S artists of the modern and contemporary era include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for John Meyer
John Meyer was born in 1943 and was largely inspired by the 1960s growing up. Historically established in the context of the Cold War, the 1960s represent an extremely influential era which engendered an important number of disruptions and challenged the order of all things. In Europe, The Iron Curtain and the Berlin wall would eternally mark people and beliefs, while in the U.S, predicaments such as the Cuban missile crisis and Vietnam war would forever influence generations to come. From education to gender issues and ideologies, a re-definition of social standards in Western society followed, with ground-breaking philosophies and movements evolving in a cradle of innovation. Simplicity and an void of emotions were key concepts in the highly influential movement of Minimalism, embodied by artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Agnes Martin. Bored of the gestural elements of Abstract Expressionism, Minimalist artists focused on delivering artworks mainly composed of polished, clean lines and geometrical elements. The very first flourishing of Conceptualism was significantly influenced by the purity of Minimalism but went further in rejecting all pre-defined conceptions inherent to art, similarly to what Pop Artists were trying to attain, by uplifting popular culture to the status of high art. Several schools of philosophy deeply influenced creatives, Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti were artists fundamentally seduced by the ideas of Existentialism, who achieved worldwide fame through their depiction of the human form and the lament often linked to the human condition. globally, an important number of art movements resonated with the radical changes of the 1960s, often prone to their own regional distinctions. In Italy, Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni initiated Spatialism, while in Germany, the Zero group embraced similar ideas under the leadership of Günther Uecker.