John Maxwell

1905 - 1962

Artist biography

John Maxwell was a creative artist. Born in 1905, John Maxwell passed away in 1962. Also born in 1905 and of this same generation are Piet Hein, Dionís Bennassar, Edward Kuczynski, Bernard Hesling, and Lily Brody.

Further Biographical Context for John Maxwell

John Maxwell was born in 1905 and was predominantly influenced creatively by the 1920s growing up. The 1920s and 1930s saw continued development and evolution of the key innovations of the primary years of the twentieth century. To have these years as the formative period for an artist was to be surrounded by innovative practitioners of the pictorial arts. It was also a time of recovery and introspection after the horrors of the First World War, which saw important shifts in politics. Marxism was a widespread political ideology which was also tremendously influential amid artists and their communities. The Bauhaus was founded in 1919, and became an important place surrounding ideas in favour of the unification of art, craft and design disciplines – an idea that became known as the Gesamtkunstwerk. Surrealism came to be the key expressive mode of the 1920s, and was aided by the liberalism of Germany’s Weimar Republic, which was an environment that allowed for tremendous creative developments.

John Maxwell

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