1968 · United States
John Jurayj is a mid-career contemporary visual artist, who originates from the United States. John Jurayj was born in 1968. Also born in the United States around 1968 and of the same generation are Kara Walker, Jason Rhoades, Ellen Gallagher, Andrea Zittel, Elizabeth Peyton, Rob Pruitt and Jean Michel Basquiat.
Historical Context of United States
The United States, particularly New York city, endures as a focal point that has played a substantial role in developing modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century. The idea of New York as a new cosmopolitan and highly powerful art centre came to be in the post war era, and the city succeeded in affirming its dominance over Paris, which used to be regarded as the most powerful international art centre. The authority of the political and economic institutions of the United States in the modern sphere has granted the country with a powerful influence on the visual culture of the world. Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, are significant art movements that emerged in the United States. These very movements also reverberated into a myriad of variations, such as alternative forms of Abstract Expressionism, as well as East and West Coast adaptations of Pop Art, among others. Some internationally acclaimed U.S artists of the modern age include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for John Jurayj
Born in 1968, John Jurayj was predominantly influenced by the 1980s. The 1980s were an era of increasing global capitalism, political upheaval, global mass media, wealth discrepancies and distinctive music and fashion, characterised by hip hop and electronic pop music. This had a heavy impact on the generation of artists growing up during this time. The fall of the Berlin Wall at the end of the 1980s signified the end of the Cold War, yet the era was also marked by the African Famine. During this time influential art movements included Neo Geo, The Pictures Generation and Neo-Expressionism, which took a particular hold in Germany, France and Italy. Artists such as Anselm Kiefer, Jörg Immendorf, Enzo Cucchi, Francesco Clemente and Julian Schnabel were leading artists working during this period, alongside Jean-Michel Basquiat, Keith Haring and Kenny Scharf, who developed the street art and graffiti movements, which quickly gained recognition.