John Hiliard

1945 · United Kingdom

Artist biography

John Hiliard is an established contemporary visual artist, who was born in the United Kingdom. John Hiliard was born in 1945. Born in the same country and of the same generation are Maggi Hambling, Richard Cook and Phyllida Barlow.

John Hiliard's Gallery representation

John Hiliard's work is on display at Galeria Foksal in Warsaw, Poland.

Historical Context of United Kingdom

Through colonisation and the consequent rise of its Empire, the United Kingdom reached the status of a giant, although the wealth and economic power did not shelter it from the obvious cultural supremacy of other continents and countries. With the United States on one side and its European neighbours on the other, Britain had been to a somewhat significant extent outshined by their respective influence on the art of the modern period. But it is towards the end of the nineteenth century that it truly became an essential and crucial agent in the development of the avant-garde, through radical and progressive trends such at the Arts and Crafts Movement, which would become essential to the further development of bohemian artists movements or other artist-led guilds of the twentieth century. Vorticism is a significant movement, fundamentally distinctive of British modernism, it involved artists renowned for their affiliation to the Bloomsbury group. A few critically acclaimed British artists of the modern and contemporary era include Stanley Spencer, Francis Bacon, Lucian Freud, Leon Kossoff, Frank Auerbach, David Hockney, Bridget Riley and Paula Rego among others – as well as the YBA generation led by Damien Hirst, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn and Chris Ofili, in more recent years.

Further Biographical Context for John Hiliard

Born in 1945, John Hiliard was predominantly influenced by the 1960s. In the art sphere, a multitude of powerful changes were also taking place. Pop Art, embracing the culture of mass media through the works of Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein and Tom Wesselmann, was slowly breaking down the foundations on which the production and reception of art were built. Getting inspired from the imagery of popular culture and mass consumerism, the Pop Artists refuted the authority of highbrow art and created a cutting-edge movement, while Minimalism, simultaneously appearing, was rejecting any form of emotional expression and focused on art’s theoretical aspect – aspiring to pure visual responses. Simplicity and an emptiness of emotions were key concepts in the highly influential movement of Minimalism, represented by artists like Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Agnes Martin. Uninterested in the gestural elements of Abstract Expressionism, Minimalist artists focused on delivering artworks mainly gathering polished, pure lines and geometrical elements. The very first flourishing of Conceptualism was significantly influenced by the simplicity of Minimalism but went further in denying all pre-existing conceptions inherent to art, similarly to what Pop Artists were trying to attain, by uplifting popular culture to the status of high art. Several schools of philosophy deeply influenced creatives, Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti were artists fundamentally seduced by the ideologies of Existentialism, who achieved worldwide success through their depiction of the human form and the lament often associated with the human condition. worldwide, an important number of art movements echoed with the radical changes of the 1960s, often prone to their own regional distinctions. In Italy, Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni initiated Spatialism, while in Germany, the Zero group espoused similar ideas under the leadership of Günther Uecker.

John Hiliard

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