1902 - 1999
John Chretien was a visual artist, Born in 1902, John Chretien passed away in 1999. Also born in 1902 and of this same generation are Alice Andrist, Helen K. Bell, Dunbar Dyson Beck, Jacob Bouhuijs, and Emmanuel Didier Bereny.
Further Biographical Context for John Chretien
Born in 1902, John Chretien's creative work was primarily influenced by the 1920s. Key artistic innovations that had been established in the earlier part of the 20th century continued to be matured during the 1920s and 1930s. At this time the careers of many influential and pioneering artists began to blossom, yet at the same time there was an atmosphere of consideration and sombreness following the horrors of the First World War. Significant shifts in politics were taking place worldwide, and Marxism took a strong grip as an ideology amongst artist groups and communities. Due to its cultural importance, Surrealism spread as an philosophy on an international scale, and became the most prominent theme of the pictorial arts in the 1920s. The Bauhaus movement developed during this time and concentrated on a unification of all modes of art, working towards the idea of the ‘Gesamtkunstwerk’. The liberal politics of the Weimar Republic in Germany empowered this movement to blossom and grow and develop further.