1969 · United States
Joffe Chantal is a mid-career established artist, who originates from the United States. Joffe Chantal was born in 1969. Artists Kara Walker, Jason Rhoades, Ellen Gallagher, Andrea Zittel, Elizabeth Peyton, Rob Pruitt and Jean Michel Basquiat are of the same generation and same country as Joffe Chantal.
Historical Context of United States
The United States has been a major country in the development of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, particularly in the post war era, when the cultural status of New York assumed primacy over Paris, formerly thought of as the most significant art centre worldwide. Major art movements established and cultivated in significant ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in diverse forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast variants, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus various post-modern echoes of these many types. In the modern and contemporary period, the United States has exercised a strong influence upon the visual culture of the World, due to the authority of its economic and political institutions. Key examples of critically acclaimed U.S artists of the modern and contemporary era include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Joffe Chantal
Joffe Chantal was born in 1969 and was primarily influenced creatively by the 1980s. The generation of artists that grew up in, and took inspiration from, the 1980s was influenced by a period of quickly growing global capitalism, political upheaval, notable wealth discrepancy, global mass media and distinctive music and fashion, including electronic pop music and hip hop. The 1980s was the era of African famine, the height of the Cold War, and also the end of it, as marked by the fall of the Berlin Wall. significant art movements of the era include Neo Geo, The Pictures Generation and the global trend of Neo-Expressionism which manifested in Germany, the USA and Italy (where it was known as Transavanguardia). The decade was exemplified by artists like Anselm Kiefer, Jörg Immendorf, Enzo Cucchi, Francesco Clemente and Julian Schnabel. Street art and graffiti started to gain prominence, notable artists of which include Jean-Michel Basquiat, Keith Haring and Kenny Scharf.