1944 · Spain
Joaquín Mouliaá is an established contemporary visual artist, who was born in Spain - other established artists such as Manuel Eirís, Juan Francisco Casas, Pere Llobera, Alfons Borrell, and Martina pm were also born in Spain. Joaquín Mouliaá was born in 1944.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Joaquín Mouliaá is represented by Freijo Gallery in Madrid, Spain. Joaquín Mouliaá's work has most recently been exhibited at Freijo Gallery in Madrid (22 November 2019 until 02 January 2020) with the exhibition Mouliaá from Vandrés to Freijo (1972-2019).
Historical Context of Spain
The influence of Spain was significant in developing the art of the twentieth century. Initially with his Blue then Rose periods, although he would eventually settle in to Paris in 1904, Picasso unfolded a truly expressive approach to figuration in the early 1900s, the era of post-Impressionism. Pablo Picasso is also thought to be the most influential founding member of Cubism, a major art movement in which he would also be joined by Spanish artist Juan Gris. Though they were established in France for the majority part of their respective artistic careers, Salvador Dali and Joan Miro were both highly prominent figures in the Surrealist movement. The political and cultural landscape of Spain during the twentieth century was controlled by the totalitarian autocracy of General Franco, whose regime dominated the country from 1939 to 1975. His death induced a restitution of the monarchy to Juan-Carlos I, who consequently reformed the State. The Franco dictatorship, characterised by a fierce anti-communist position, led to the departure of major intellectual and cultural figures, determined to escape this oppressive system. The artistic and cultural flourishing of the avant-garde were deeply stirred by this situation, as liberal artistic movements are frequently significative of leftist penchants. Some critically acclaimed modern and contemporary Spanish artists include Antoni Tapíes, Eduardo Chillida, Eduardo Arroyo and Manolo Valdes.
Further Biographical Context for Joaquín Mouliaá
Born in 1944, Joaquín Mouliaá's creative work was primarily influenced by the 1960s. Historically set in the context of the Cold War, the 1960s represent an extremely influential era which engendered a significant number of breaks and questioned the order of all things. In Europe, The Iron Curtain and the Berlin wall would permanently mark people and beliefs, while in the U.S, events such as the Cuban missile crisis and Vietnam war would forever influence generations to come. From education to gender issues and ideologies, a re-definition of social standards in Western society ensued, with ground-breaking philosophies and movements evolving in a cradle of inventiveness. Simplicity and an emptiness of emotions were key concepts in the highly influential movement of Minimalism, represented by artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Agnes Martin. Bored of the gestural elements of Abstract Expressionism, Minimalist artists focused on delivering artworks mainly composed of polished, clean lines and geometrical elements. Delving further into some of the concepts inherent to Abstract Expressionism, artists like Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland and Helen Frankenthaler practiced Colour Field Painting – decidedly relating to Minimalism, with a fundamentally ruled-based approach, devoid of any expressive aspect. Several schools of philosophy deeply influenced creatives, Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti were artists fundamentally seduced by the ideologies of Existentialism, who achieved worldwide fame through their depiction of the human form and the lament often linked to the human condition. globally, a significant number of art movements resonated with the radical changes of the 1960s, often prone to their own regional distinctions. In Italy, Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni initiated Spatialism, while in Germany, the Zero group adopted similar ideas under the leadership of Günther Uecker.
- Galleries Representing this Artist