1943 · United States
Joan Witek is an established artist, who was born in the United States. Joan Witek was born in 1943. Artists Chuck Close, Robert Mappelthorpe, Bruce Nauman, Laurie Andersen and Barbara Kruger are of the same generation and same country as Joan Witek.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Joan Witek is represented and exhibited by two galleries. These are Bartha Contemporary in London, the United Kingdom and Massey Klein in New York, the United States. Joan Witek is exhibited at the exhibition, Paintings from the 1980s at Minus Space in New York, the United States. The exhibition is currently open and closes on the 25 April 2020. Joan Witek's work has also been exhibited during the Positive, Negative exhibition at Massey Klein in New York, the United States (30 January 2020 - 13 March 2020).
Historical Context of United States
The United States has been a prominent country in the evolution of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, particularly in the post war period, when the cultural status of New York asserted its influence over Paris, previously thought of as the most significant art centre worldwide. Leading art movements developed and fostered in significant ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in various forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast variations, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus a multitude of post-modern repetitions of these many movements. In the modern and contemporary age, the United States has cultivated a prevailing influence over the visual culture of the World, due to the authority of its economic and political institutions. Key examples of critically acclaimed U.S artists of the modern and contemporary period include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Joan Witek
Joan Witek was born in 1943 and was primarily influenced by the 1960s. In the art world, a multitude of significant changes were also taking place. Pop Art, adopting the culture of mass media through the artworks of Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein and Tom Wesselmann, was gradually breaking down the foundations on which the production and reception of art were built. Getting inspired from the imagery of popular culture and mass consumerism, the Pop Artists refuted the authority of highbrow art and created a revolutionary movement, while Minimalism, simultaneously appearing, was rejecting any form of emotional expression and focused on art’s theoretical aspect – aiming for pure visual responses. Simplicity and an void of emotions were key concepts in the highly influential movement of Minimalism, represented by artists like Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Agnes Martin. Uninterested in the gestural elements of Abstract Expressionism, Minimalist artists focused on delivering artworks mainly gathering polished, pure lines and geometrical elements. The very first flourishing of Conceptualism was highly influenced by the purity of Minimalism but went further in rejecting all pre-defined conceptions inherent to art, similarly to what Pop Artists were trying to attain, by uplifting popular culture to the status of high art. Several schools of philosophy profoundly influenced creatives, Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti were artists heavily seduced by the ideologies of Existentialism, who achieved worldwide fame through their depiction of the human form and the anguish often associated with the human condition. Internationally, an important number of art movements echoed with the radical changes of the 1960s, often prone to their own regional distinctions. In Italy, Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni initiated Spatialism, while in Germany, the Zero group adopted similar ideas under the leadership of Günther Uecker.