Further Biographical Context for Jiri Maska
Jiri Maska was born in 1955 and was largely influenced creatively by the 1970s. The 1970s were a period of consolidation and development in the arts, most often defined as a response to the central tensions of the previous decade. Conceptual art developed as a key movement, a partial evolution of and response to minimalism. Land Art took the works of art into the expansive outdoors, taking creative production away from commodities and looking to engage with the earliest ideas of environmentalism. Process art combined elements of conceptualism with other formal reflections, creating mysterious and experimental bodies of work. Expressive figurative painting began to regain prominence for the first time since the decline of Abstract Expressionism twenty years prior, especially in Germany where Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer, Georg Baselitz became highly influential figures worldwide. New York maintained an influential position in the international art world, ensuring that global artists continued to flock to the galleries, bars and downtown scene there. International movements began to gain prominence included feminism, which translated strongly into the visual culture, and photorealism which had begun in the 1960s and enjoyed momentous commercial and critical achievements. For the first time painters and sculptors from Latin America were embraced by the dominant critical and institutional levers in New York.