Jirí Chmelar

1950

Artist biography

Jirí Chmelar is an established artist, Jirí Chmelar was born in 1950. Artists like Alison Brannen, Francesco Correggia, Vladimir Yakovlevich Akimov, Fouad Bellamine, and Bachar Al-Issa were also born in 1950.

Further Biographical Context for Jirí Chmelar

Jirí Chmelar was born in 1950 and was primarily inspired by the 1970s growing up. The 1970s were a period of consolidation and development in the arts, most often defined as a response to the central tensions of the preceding decade. Conceptual art developed as a key movement, a partial evolution of and response to minimalism. Land Art took the artwork into the sprawling outdoors, taking creative production away from commodities and looking to engage with the earliest ideas of environmentalism. Process art combined elements of conceptualism with other formal considerations, creating esoteric and experimental bodies of work. Expressive figurative painting began to regain prominence for the first time since the decline of Abstract Expressionism twenty years prior, especially in Germany where Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer, Georg Baselitz became highly respected figures worldwide. New York maintained an influential position in the international art world, ensuring that global artists continued to gravitate to the galleries, bars and downtown scene in the city. Towards the end of the 1970s, the emerging practices of graffiti and street art were beginning to gain attention in the fine art community. Artists like Keith Haring and Jean-Michel Basquiat were working in downtown Manhattan and ensuring that spray paint and tagging gained some egitimacy as a fine art practice, a trend which would fully develop and dominate throughout the following decade.

Jirí Chmelar

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