Jennie Smith

1981 · United States

Artist biography

Jennie Smith is seen as an established mid-career contemporary artist, who was born and brought up in the United States, like other prominent artists such as Hans Schmitt-Matzen, Robert D. Erickson, Edward Willis Redfield, Zoë Elena, and Pat Steir. Jennie Smith was born in 1981.

Jennie Smith's Gallery representation

Jennie Smith's work is on display at Rena Bransten Gallery in San Francisco, the United States.

Historical Context of United States

The United States, particularly New York city, endures as a central point that has played a significant role in developing modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century. The idea of New York as a new multinational and highly influential art hub appeared in the post war era, and the city succeeded in asserting its supremacy over Paris, which used to be considered as the most powerful global art centre. The predominance of the political and economic structures of the United States in the modern sphere has granted the country with a prevailing influence on the visual culture of the world. Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, are essential art movements that blossomed in the United States. These very movements also echoed into a multitude of variations, such as diverse forms of Abstract Expressionism, as well as East and West Coast adaptations of Pop Art, among others. Some internationally distinguished U.S artists of the modern age include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.

Further Biographical Context for Jennie Smith

Jennie Smith was born in 1981 and was primarily influenced by the 1990s. A group of artists working in the United Kingdom, who came to be known as the YBAs, or Young British Artists, defined the artistic culture of the 1990s. Affiliated loosely by their age and nationality, they were a varied group of practitioners. Many of the YBAs attended the Royal College of Art and Goldsmiths in London, and were favoured by the ‘super collector’ of the time, Charles Saatchi. The most well known member of the group is Damien Hirst, and other members included Chris Ofili, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn, Gavin Turk, Sarah Lucas and Sam Taylor-Johnson (née Sam Taylor-Wood). The YBAs became famous for their use of shock tactics and sensationalism, alongside their use of throwaway materials, wild lifestyles and an attitude that was rebellious yet entrepreneurial. Due to the high amount of media coverage that they garnered, they dominated British art during the 1990s, and their work was epitomised in the group show ‘Sensation’. The art world was influenced by a number of trends throughout the decade, and was characterised by the derisive sculpture of Maurizio Cattelan, and sensitive, conceptual advancements as represented in the work of artists including Felix Gonzalez-Torres.

Jennie Smith

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