1985 · United Kingdom
Jemima Kirke is an established mid-career contemporary artist, who originates from the United Kingdom, like other artists such as Richard Smith, Stuart Lorimer, Rowan Dg Corkill, Piers Secunda, and Martin John Callanan. Jemima Kirke was born in 1985.
Jemima Kirke's exhibition
Historical Context of United Kingdom
Britain has been an essential hub for artistic production for centuries. While it accumulated considerable wealth through colonisation and the ascent of its Empire, it was also unsheltered from the cultural supremacy of other countries and continents. In the contemporary era, Britain had been to a great extent eclipsed by the status of its European neighbours on one side, and of the United States on the other. But in the late 19th century, Britain became an important focal point in the development of the avant-garde. This includes the Arts and Crafts Movement, a major movement paving the way for artist-led organisations, groups and organisational co-operative types that would later become into a template of sorts for bohemian artists movements of the Twentieth Century. Major artistic movements in British modernism include for example Vorticism, involving artists related to the Bloomsbury group. Some noteworthy British artists of the modern and contemporary period include Stanley Spencer, Francis Bacon, Lucian Freud, Leon Kossoff, Frank Auerbach, David Hockney, Bridget Riley, Paula Rego - and in more recent years the YBA generation led by Damien Hirst, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn, Chris Ofili and others.
Further Biographical Context for Jemima Kirke
Born in 1985, Jemima Kirke was largely inspired by the 1990s. Art in the 1990s was defined at the start of the decade by a group of artists in the United Kingdom that came to be known as the YBAs, or Young British Artists. They were a diverse group of creatives, affiliated loosely by their age, nationality, and their association with Goldsmiths and the Royal College of Art in London, alongside being favoured by super collector of the time Charles Saatchi. The most famous artist of the group is Damien Hirst, who was also an early organiser of group activities. Other artists included Chris Ofili, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn, Gavin Turk, Sarah Lucas and Sam Taylor-Wood. Much of their work became known for shock tactics and the sensationalism of both material and message. They also became known for their use of throwaway materials, wild-living, and an attitude that was simultaneously counter-culture rebellion but also entrepreneurial. They gained a large amount of media coverage and dominated British art during the decade. Their international shows in the mid-1990s included the now legendary ‘Sensation'. Conceptual photography led by German ideas and artists came to prominence. Artists such as Andreas Gursky, Thomas Struth, and Wolfgang Tillmans gained international recognition, and inspired other artists such as the Canadian Jeff Wall, who experimented with the kind of cinematic expansiveness associated with the German artists’ work. Painters like Albert Oehlen and Martin Kippenberger exerted a notable influence on younger artists.