Historical Context of United States
The United States has been a major country in the development of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, especially in the post war era, when the cultural status of New York assumed primacy over Paris, previously thought of as the most powerful art hub in the world.
Major art movements developed and fostered in important ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in various forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast variants, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus various post-modern echoes of these many types. In the modern and contemporary sphere, the United States has cultivated a powerful influence upon the visual culture of the World, due to the dominion of its economic and political structures. Key examples of important U.S artists of the modern and contemporary period include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.