Janine Carreau

1948

Artist biography

Janine Carreau is seen as an established contemporary artist, Janine Carreau was born in 1948. Artists Bill Woodrow, Lo Ch'ing, Cor Buisman, Alex Bunn, and Jan Kiwi are of the same generation.

Further Biographical Context for Janine Carreau

Born in 1948, Janine Carreau was largely influenced by the 1960s growing up. The universal impact of the 1960s was truly sensational across the globe. Illustrative of a time stirring both hope and anger, the 1960s prompted an explosion of cutting-edge philosophies and movements, truly exciting and spectacular. Historically established in the context of the Cold War, which would have a highly influential impact worldwide, mainly defined by the Iron Curtain separating Europe both physically and spiritually, and significantly marked by the erection of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The 1960s re-defined all pre-existing expectations on gender, race and justice, questioned education as well as morality and selfhood – for instance through the civil rights movement and second wave of feminism, as well as student political uprisings. The significant escalation of mass consumerism also defined the era, engendering new trends in marketing and advertising. Minimalism established the central idea that art should exist in its own reality, and not try to mimic the real world. Born of a desire to erase all pre-established conceptions about art, Minimalism became a radically progressive movement, highly influential worldwide, with artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Dan Flavin as key figures. Minimalism became influential through the works of artists such as Victor Vasarely and Bridget Riley, while Pop art was an essential by-product of the latter, simultaneously critiquing and glorifying popular culture. The iconic contemporary art movements that echoed through the wave of radicalism of the 1960s also had their own nuances and scopes, distinctive to different areas or countries. Spatialism, for instance, was established in Italy by Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni, and its ideologies embraced by the Zero group in Germany. Throughout Europe, the ideologies of Existentialism strongly influenced artists such as Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti, who strived to depict the raw human emotions often connected to reflections on death and the lingering anxiety of the meaninglessness of life.

Janine Carreau

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