Jane Gage

1914 · United States

Artist biography

Jane Gage was a creative visual artist, who was born in the United States. Jane Gage was born in 1914. Born in the same country and of the same generation are Lee Mullican, Louise Bourgeois, Dorothea Tanning, Jackson Pollock and Robert Motherwell.

Jane Gage's Gallery representation

Jane Gage is represented by Richard Norton Gallery located in Chicago, the United States.

Historical Context of United States

The US, particularly New York city, endures as a focal point that has played a significant role in developing modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century. The idea of New York as a new cosmopolitan and highly powerful art hub appeared in the post war era, and the city thrived in asserting its dominance over Paris, which used to be considered as the most powerful international art centre.

The predominance of the political and economic institutions of the United States in the modern sphere has granted the country with a prevailing influence on the visual culture of the world. Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, are essential art movements that blossomed in the US. These very movements also reverberated into a myriad of variations, such as diverse forms of Abstract Expressionism, as well as East and West Coast variants of Pop Art, among others. Some internationally acclaimed U.S artists of the contemporary period age include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.

Further Biographical Context for Jane Gage

Born in 1914, Jane Gage was largely influenced by the 1930s. Internationally this period can be best characterised by the duelling of the world’s leading political philosophies - Marxist Socialism, Capitalist Democracy, and the Totalitarianism of both Communism and Fascism.

In Europe, Surrealism continued to be the dominant artistic trend; a kind of expression and school of thought that by this time had spread across the globe. In Mexico, artists like Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera incorporated many of these ideas into their radical political ideologies to develop a new kind of magic realism.

In the Soviet Union, Stalin’s government needed urgent funds to implement the rapid industrialisation demanded by the first Five Year Plan. It initiated a secret proposal to sell off treasures from the State Hermitage Museum in Leningrad (St. Petersburg), including a preliminary list of two hundred and fifty priceless paintings by the Old Masters, many of which found their way to the collection of Andrew Mellon via the New York based art dealing company, Knoedler.

In the United States, the Great Depression had a tremendous impact on artistic production, with a number of artists focusing on the agrarian and the humble man in the streets. It was the first time in US history that widespread movements of artists began to address politics, and tried to use their art to impact society. Artists focused exhibitions on social and political themes such as poverty, lack of affordable housing, anti-lynching, anti-fascism, and workers' strikes.

The era assumed a sinister turn with the dawn of National Socialism in Germany, and Adolf Hitler’s rise to power in 1933. The decade would culminate in the inset on the Second World War; a political and social uproar that preoccupied not only artists, but great swathes of the world’s population.

Jane Gage

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