Further Biographical Context for Jan Castle
Jan Castle was born in 1958 and was primarily inspired creatively by the 1970s. The 1970s were a period of consolidation and growth in the arts, most often characterised as a response to the central tensions of the previous decade. Conceptual art developed as a influential movement, a partial evolution of and response to minimalism. Land Art took the artwork into the extensive outdoors, taking creative production away from commodities and engaging with the earliest ideas of environmentalism. Process art combined elements of conceptualism with other formal reflections, creating esoteric and experimental bodies of work. Expressive figurative painting began to regain importance for the first time since the decline of Abstract Expressionism twenty years prior, especially in Germany where Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer, Georg Baselitz became highly respected figures worldwide. New York maintained an important position in the international art world, ensuring that global artists continued to gravitate to the galleries, bars and downtown scene in the city. n Japan and Korea, artists associated with the Mono-Ha movement focused on encounters between natural and industrial materials such as stone, glass, cotton, sponge, wood, oil and water, arranging them in mostly unaltered, fleeting conditions. The works focused on the interplay between these various elements and the surrounding space, and had a strong interest in the European ideas of phenomenology.