1942 - 2017
James Christensen was a creative visual artist, James Christensen was born in 1942 and died in 2017. Artists born in the same year and of the same generation are Adam Bujak, Carmen Annen-Bonati, Dan Christensen, Alejandro Chacon Pineda, and Graciela Iturbide.
Further Biographical Context for James Christensen
James Christensen was born in 1942 and was predominantly influenced creatively by the 1960s. The universal impact of the 1960s was truly astonishing across the globe. Evocative of a time stirring both faith and anger, the 1960s triggered an explosion of new ideologies and movements, truly exciting and spectacular. Historically established in the context of the Cold War, which would have a highly influential impact worldwide, largely defined by the Iron Curtain dividing Europe both physically and spiritually, and significantly marked by the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The 1960s re-defined all pre-existing assumptions on gender, race and justice, questioned education as well as morality and selfhood – for instance through the civil rights movement and second wave of feminism, as well as student political uprisings. The significant escalation of mass consumerism also defined the era, engendering new trends in marketing and advertising. Minimalism established the crucial idea that art should exist in its own reality, and not try to mimic the real world. Born of a desire to eradicate all pre-established notions about art, Minimalism became a radically progressive movement, highly influential worldwide, with artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Dan Flavin as key figures. Minimalism became significant through the works of artists such as Victor Vasarely and Bridget Riley, while Pop art was an essential by-product of the latter, at the same time critiquing and glorifying popular culture. The iconic contemporary art movements that reverberated through the wave of radicalism of the 1960s also had their own nuances and scopes, particular to different regions or countries. Spatialism, for example, was founded in Italy by Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni, and its ideologies embraced by the Zero group in Germany. Throughout Europe, the ideologies of Existentialism strongly influenced artists like Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti, who strived to depict the raw human emotions often connected to reflections on death and the lingering angst of the meaninglessness of life.