Jakob Schärer

1908 · Switzerland

Artist biography

Jakob Schärer is seen as an established contemporary artist, who originates from Switzerland. Jakob Schärer was born in 1908. Some of the artist's contemporarie that are from the same generation and country include Alberto Giacometti and Max Bill .

Historical Context of Switzerland

Perhaps the most important Swiss contribution to the history of Modernism was the formation of the Dada movement in Zurich in 1916. Its initial members included Hugo Ball, Tristan Tzara, Jean Arp and Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Emmy Hennings, and Marcel Janco. Their headquarters, the Cabaret Voltaire, quickly metamorphosed into an prominent hub of the artistic and intellectual avant-garde, with the political neutrality Switzerland being a haven from political uncertainty elsewhere in Europe. Prior to that, Switzerland had produced some quirky and extraordinary artists in the Post-Impressionist era of the early twentieth century, including Ferdinand Hodler and Felix Vallotton. Another essential movement that can be connected to a Swiss artist was the ‘International Style’ of modernist architecture, pioneered by Le Corbusier. Le Corbusier might have become a French citizen in 1930, but he was born Charles-Édouard Jeanneret in the Neuchâtel canton of Switzerland in 1887. Indeed, his first independent projects were executed in his hometown of La Chaux-de-Fonds, including proto modern domestic villas for wealthy local clients. Important Swiss artists of the twentieth century include Jean Tingely, Alberto Giacometti, John Armleder, Pipilotti Rist and Thomas Hirschhorn.

Further Biographical Context for Jakob Schärer

Jakob Schärer was born in 1908 and was primarily inspired by the 1920s. Significant artistic developments that had been established in the earlier part of the 20th century continued to be worked on during the 1920s and 1930s. During this period the careers of many inspiring and pioneering artists began to blossom, yet at the same time there was an atmosphere of consideration and solemnity following the horrors of the First World War. Significant shifts in politics were happening worldwide, and Marxism took a strong hold as an ideology within artist groups and communities. The primary focus for art during this time was on Freudian theory and the human subconscious, and these ideas were best represented by artists including Salvador Dali, Giorgio de Chirico, Andre Breton, Rene Magritte and Paul Delvaux, whilst in Paris, artists such as Brancusi, Modigliani and Soutine established methods of art which were expressive and dynamic.

Jakob Schärer

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