Further Biographical Context for Jacques Chesnais
Born in 1954, Jacques Chesnais grew up during the 1970s and was influenced by the artistic atmosphere of the time. The 1970s were a period of consolidation and development in the arts, most often characterised as a response to the central tensions of the previous decade. Conceptual art developed as a influential movement, a partial evolution of and response to minimalism. Land Art took the works of art into the extensive outdoors, taking creative production away from commodities and looking to engage with the earliest ideas of environmentalism. Process art combined elements of conceptualism with other formal considerations, creating esoteric and experimental bodies of work. Expressive figurative painting began to regain importance for the first time since the decline of Abstract Expressionism twenty years prior, especially in Germany where Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer, Georg Baselitz became highly influential figures worldwide. New York maintained an influential position in the international art world, ensuring that international artists continued to flock to the galleries, bars and downtown scene there. The predominantly Italian Arte Povera Movement gained global recognition during the 1970s, with artists like Jannis Kounnelis, Mario Merz, and Michelangelo Pistoletto attaining worldwide acclaim.