Iñaki Cruceta Olalde
Iñaki Cruceta Olalde is seen as an established contemporary artist, Iñaki Cruceta Olalde was born in 1945. Artists like Yaoun Braz, Markku Keränen, Albert Barreda, Marcelle Sharon Ahtone Harjo, and Grisha Bruskin were also born in 1945.
Further Biographical Context for Iñaki Cruceta Olalde
Born in 1945, Iñaki Cruceta Olalde's creative work was largely influenced by the 1960s. The universal impact of the 1960s was truly astonishing across the globe. Representative of a time inspiring both faith and anger, the 1960s prompted an explosion of new philosophies and movements, truly exciting and ground-breaking. Historically established in the context of the Cold War, which would have a highly powerful impact globally, largely defined by the Iron Curtain dividing Europe both physically and spiritually, and significantly marked by the erection of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The 1960s re-defined all pre-existing assumptions on gender, race and justice, questioned education as well as morality and selfhood – for instance through the civil rights movement and second wave of feminism, as well as student political uprisings. The incredible escalation of mass consumerism also defined the era, generating new trends in marketing and advertising. Minimalism established the central idea that art should subsist in its own reality, and not try to mimic the real world. Born of a desire to obliterate all pre-established conceptions about art, Minimalism became a radically progressive movement, highly influential worldwide, with artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Dan Flavin as key figures. Minimalism became influential through the works of artists such as Victor Vasarely and Bridget Riley, while Pop art was an essential by-product of the latter, simultaneously critiquing and glorifying popular culture. The iconic contemporary art movements that echoed through the wave of radicalism of the 1960s also had their own distinctions and scopes, particular to different regions or countries. Spatialism, for instance, was founded in Italy by Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni, and its ideologies embraced by the Zero group in Germany. Across Europe, the philosophy of Existentialism deeply influenced artists like Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti, who strived to depict the raw human emotions often associated with reflections on death and the lingering anxiety of the meaninglessness of life.