1918 · Switzerland
Hugo Weber is regarded as a well established artist, who originates from Switzerland, like other artists such as Samuel Buri, Alex Maier, Beatrice Helg, Nicolas Steiner, and Dias. Hugo Weber was born in 1918.
Historical Context of Switzerland
Perhaps the most significant Swiss contribution to the history of Modernism was the formation of the Dada movement in Zurich in 1916. Its founding members included Hugo Ball, Tristan Tzara, Jean Arp and Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Emmy Hennings, and Marcel Janco. Their headquarters, the Cabaret Voltaire, quickly became an vital hub of the artistic and intellectual avant-garde, with the political neutrality Switzerland being a refuge from political instability elsewhere in Europe. precedingly, Switzerland had produced some quirky and distinctive artists in the Post-Impressionist period of the early twentieth century, including Ferdinand Hodler and Felix Vallotton. Another major movement that can be attributed to a Swiss artist was the ‘International Style’ of modernist architecture, pioneered by Le Corbusier. Le Corbusier may have become a French citizen in 1930, but he was born Charles-Édouard Jeanneret in the Neuchâtel canton of Switzerland in 1887. Indeed, his first independent projects were realized in his hometown of La Chaux-de-Fonds, including proto modern domestic villas for wealthy local clients. Key Swiss artists of the twentieth century include Jean Tingely, Alberto Giacometti, John Armleder, Pipilotti Rist and Thomas Hirschhorn.
Further Biographical Context for Hugo Weber
Hugo Weber was born in 1918 and was largely influenced by the 1930s. The period of the 1930s is characterised by the clashing of a number of political ideologies, including Marxist Socialism, Capitalist Democracy, and the Totalitarianism of both Communism and Fascism. Surrealism continued to dominate in Europe, and had influence on an international scale. Artists such as Frida Kahlo and Diego Riviera in Mexico, worked to incorporate the ideas posed by Surrealism into their radical political philosophies, developing a new kind of magic realism.