1913 - 1968
Hillegonda Bottema was a creative visual artist, Born in 1913, Hillegonda Bottema passed away in 1968. Also born in 1913 and of this same generation are Mark A. Abramov, Ferdinando Bellorini, Kate O’neill, Franz Bucher, and Robert Capa.
Further Biographical Context for Hillegonda Bottema
Hillegonda Bottema was born in 1913, grew up during the 1930s and was inspired by the artistic culture of the time. During the 1930s, many political ideologies such as Marxist Socialism, Capitalist Democracy, and the Totalitarianism of both Communism and Fascism were engaged in struggles for power, and characterised the political atmosphere of the era. In the Soviet Union, Stalin’s government was in dire need of urgent funds to implement the industrialisation of the Five Year Plan. In a stealthy bid to acquire funds, the government proposed to sell off treasures from the State Hermitage Museum in Leningrad (St. Petersburg), which included some two hundred and fifty paintings by the Old Masters, a number of which had been deemed irreplaceable. Many of the pieces came to be owned by Andrew Mellon, via the New York based art dealing company, Knoedler.