Herbert Brandl

1959 · Austria

Artist biography

Herbert Brandl is a contemporary artist considered well established, who was born in Austria - other established artists such as Bernhard Rappold, Flora Hauser, Margret Wibmer, The Estate Of Artur Nikodem, and Curt Stenvert were also born in Austria. Herbert Brandl was born in 1959.

Galleries and Exhibitions

Herbert Brandl's work is available on display in multiple galleries recorded on Artland. Some of those galleries are Mario Mauroner Contemporary Art Vienna, Galerie nächst St. Stephan Rosemarie Schwarzwälder, and Galerie Elisabeth & Klaus Thoman | Vienna in Austria. Herbert Brandl's most recent exhibition recorded on Artland was at Galerie Elisabeth & Klaus Thoman | Vienna in Austria with the exhibition Seitengalerie. The exhibition was open from 17 January 2020 until 14 April 2020. Herbert Brandl's other most recent exhibitions recorded on Artland include the exhibitions Kitchen (16 January 2020 - 13 April 2020) at Galerie Elisabeth & Klaus Thoman | Vienna in Austria and Der Regen (12 March 2019 - 19 April 2019) at Galerie nächst St. Stephan Rosemarie Schwarzwälder in Austria. Herbert Brandl's first listed exhibition in Artland's database was called TRUE STORIES A SHOW RELATED TO AN ERA - THE EIGHTIES and took place at Galerie Max Hetzler | Goethestrasse in Berlin, Germany from the 14 September 2018 to 27 October 2018.

Historical Context of Austria

At the turn of the 20th century, Austria was among the most innovative and culturally progressive countries. It fostered key developments in the Arts and Crafts Movement and Art Nouveau, called Jugendstil in German, from around 1895 to 1910, forming an important bridge between the 19th century and the commencement of modernism. This kind of progressive, avant-garde thinking led directly into the Viennese Secession movement, one of the key art and design movements of the early twentieth century. It was formed in 1897 by a group of Austrian painters, graphic artists, sculptors and architects, including Josef Hoffman Koloman Moser, Otto Wagner, and Gustave Klimt, when artists resigned, en masse, from the Association of Austrian Artists in protest against its support for more traditional artistic styles. and an exchange of ideas with international artists, disputing artistic nationalism, renewing the decorative arts and, most crucially, creating a "total art (Gesamtkunstwerk)" that unified painting, architecture, and the decorative arts. The group was strongly opposed to the dominance of the official Vienna Academy of the Arts (the Vienna Künstlerhaus), and official art salons, with their traditional orientation toward Historicism. Ultimately the group broke apart, the decorative artists choosing instead to focus on a new guild called the Wiener Werkstatte.

In the late 1930s, Austria was annexed by the growing force of Hitler's Nazi Germany, an act known as the Anschluss, and which organised Austria into a province of a greater German Reich. During this period, like in Germany, the Avant-garde was labelled 'Entartete Kunst', translating to 'degenerate art', and was oppressed with only 'official' social realist art being approved, or even allowed by the state. Consequently, there was a noticeable exodus of creative talent who decided that their interests would be best served by relocating to London or New York. In the 20th century, central Austrian artists included Josef Hoffman, Gustav Klimt, Egon Schiele, Herbert Bayer (the typography and graphic design pioneer of the Bauhaus), architect and designer Josef Frank, Oskar Kokoschka, Alfred Kubin, Friedensreich Hundertwasser, Maria Lassnig, Hermann Nitsch, Arnulf Rainer, Franz West and Erwin Wurm.

Further Biographical Context for Herbert Brandl

Born in 1959, Herbert Brandl was predominantly influenced by the 1970s growing up. The 1970s were a period of consolidation and development in the arts, most often characterised as a response to the central tensions of the preceding decade. Conceptual art emerged as a key movement, a partial evolution of and response to minimalism. Land Art took the works of art into the expansive outdoors, taking creative production away from commodities and engaging with the earliest ideas of environmentalism. Process art combined elements of conceptualism with other formal considerations, creating cryptic and experimental bodies of work. Expressive figurative painting began to regain prominence for the first time since the decline of Abstract Expressionism twenty years prior, especially in Germany where Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer, Georg Baselitz became highly respected figures worldwide.

New York maintained an prominent position in the international art scene, ensuring that international artists continued to flock to the galleries, bars and downtown scene there.

A number of the artists who gained fame and successful in the 1960s remained dominant figures. For example, Andy Warhol branched out into film and magazine publishing, the first kind of pan cultural activity for a visual artist. This secured his reputation as a globally renowned celebrity in his own right.

International movements began to gain importance included feminism, which translated strongly into the visual culture, and photorealism which had begun in the 1960s and enjoyed significant commercial and critical achievements. For the first time painters and sculptors from Latin America were embraced by the dominant critical and institutional levers in New York.

Towards the end of the decade, the emerging practices of graffiti and street art were beginning to gain attention in the fine art community. Artists such as Keith Haring and Jean-Michel Basquiat were working in downtown Manhattan and ensuring that spray paint and tagging gained some validity as a fine art practice, a trend which would fully emerge and dominate throughout the following decade.

In Japan and Korea, artists associated with the Mono-Ha movement explored on encounters between natural and industrial materials such as stone, glass, cotton, sponge, wood, oil and water, arranging them in mostly unaltered, fleeting states. The works focused on the interplay between these various elements and the surrounding space, and had a strong focus upon the European ideas of phenomenology.

The largely Italian Arte Povera Movement gained global recognition during the 1970s, with artists like Jannis Kounnelis, Mario Merz, and Michelangelo Pistoletto attaining global recognition.

Herbert Brandl