1891 · France
Henri Gaudier-Brzeska is a contemporary artist considered well established, who was born and brought up in France. Henri Gaudier-Brzeska was born in 1891. Born in the same country and of the same generation are André Breton, André Masson, Brassaï and Marcel Duchamp.
Henri Gaudier-Brzeska's work has most recently been exhibited at Austin / Desmond Fine Art in London (11 February 2020 until 26 March 2020) with the exhibition Outlines. Henri Gaudier-Brzeska's only other exhibition is British Design, which took place at The Fine Art Society in London, the United Kingdom (27 November 2017 - 03 January 2018).
Historical Context of France
France has been an influential country in the development of modernism. Throughout the nineteenth century, France fostered the foundations of what is currently known as the avant-garde, including movements such as Impressionism, Post-Impressionism and Art Nouveau, led by critically acclaimed artists. During the first part of the 20th century, Paris was a fundamental intellectual and cultural hub, establishing vital movements such as Cubism, Fauvism, Dadaism and Surrealism, amongst others. These movements flourished at the beginning of the century, in the period immediately preceding the Second World War. Dominant French creative figures from the beginning of the century include Paul Cezanne, Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque (Spanish national who settled in France) Francis Picabia, Marcel Duchamp, Man Ray, and Le Corbusier amidst a multitude of others.
Further Biographical Context for Henri Gaudier-Brzeska
Born in 1891, Henri Gaudier-Brzeska's creative work was largely influenced by the 1900s and 1910s. The Fauves are widely considered to be the first major Post-Impressionist group, working in the beginning of the twentieth century. Including artists such as Henry Matisse within their ranks, the Fauves believed that vivid, other worldly colours and vibrant brushstrokes were an integral component of painting. During this same time period a young Pablo Picasso, still in his youth, created his renowned Blue and Rose periods in Paris, and by the end of the 1920s he had established the initial ideas of portraying fractured views of reality alongside his contemporary Georges Braque. This movement became known as Analytical Cubism. The De Stijl group in the Netherlands, under the leadership of Piet Mondrian, started to practice pioneering theories about Abstraction. Alongside this, Kasimir Malevich and his contemporaries developed Constructivism and Suprematism in the Soviet Union. These pioneering styles of art were rigorous and politicised, and looked to serve a new world order.