1901 - 1991
Henri Carvalho was an artist, Henri Carvalho, born in 1901, died in 1991. Also born in 1901 and of this same generation are Harriet Cann Huston, Giorgio Valenzin, Sandór Basilides, Søren Hjort Nielsen, and Sepp Anderegg.
Further Biographical Context for Henri Carvalho
Born in 1901, Henri Carvalho grew up during the 1920s and was influenced by the artistic culture of the time. The 1920s and 1930s saw continued development and evolution of the key innovations of the primary years of the twentieth century. To have these years as the formative period for an artist was to be surrounded by incredible practitioners of the pictorial arts. It was also a time of recovery and introspection after the horrors of the First World War, which saw significant shifts in the political world. Marxism was a prevalent political ideology which was also extremely influential among artists and their communities. Key artistic developments included a kind of expressive mannerism which was epitomised by Brancusi, Modigliani and Soutine in Paris. Surrealism developed throughout the 1920s and 1930s, with a focus on the human unconscious - a key idea of Freudian theory. Notable Surrealist artists include Salvador Dali, Giorgio de Chirico, Andre Breton, Rene Magritte and Paul Delvaux. Due to its cultural importance, much of this ideology spread internationally.