1965 · Netherlands
Hella Maas is a visual artist, who originates from the Netherlands, like other well-known artists such as Hans Kooi, Arthur Stokvis , Eldon Garnet, Adriaan Herman Gouwe, and Hanne Vanderwoude. Hella Maas was born in 1965.
Historical Context of Netherlands
The Netherlands has been established as an artistic and cultural capital for centuries, for instance through the international influence of renowned artists such as Jan van Eyck in the fifteenth century. In the 1600s, the Dutch Golden Age saw the emergence of such distinguished artists as Rembrandt, Rubens, Vermeer, Van Dyck and Van Ruisdael. Dutch artist Vincent Van Gogh is considered as one of the most significant forerunners of the post-Impressionist era and is still regarded as an extraordinary, unprecedented painter that has influenced the art sphere regardless of any era or movement. Originally established as a magazine, De Stijl was a movement that pioneered abstract art in the Netherlands, driven by Piet Mondrian and Theo van Doesberg. De Stijl artists would adopt a visual language solely composed of geometrical shapes, and the movement also had a profound influence on modern architecture as well as design. Gerrit Rietveld was a prominent architect and designer who embraced the ideals and the essence of De Stijl in his work. Willem de Kooning was also a Dutch national, though he relocated to the United States in the earlier years of his life, and his work was largely influenced by the Abstract Expressionism movement thriving in New York City in the late 1940s and 1950s.
Further Biographical Context for Hella Maas
Born in 1965, Hella Maas' creative work was predominantly inspired by the 1980s. The 1980s were an era of developing global capitalism, political upheaval, worldwide mass media, wealth discrepancies and distinctive music and fashion, characterised by hip hop and electronic pop music. This had a heavy impact on the generation of artists growing up during this time. The fall of the Berlin Wall at the end of the decade marked the end of the Cold War, yet the era was also distinguished by the African Famine. During this time influential art movements included Neo Geo, The Pictures Generation and Neo-Expressionism, which took a strong hold in Germany, France and Italy. Artists such as Anselm Kiefer, Jörg Immendorf, Enzo Cucchi, Francesco Clemente and Julian Schnabel were primary artists working at this time, alongside Jean-Michel Basquiat, Keith Haring and Kenny Scharf, who established the street art and graffiti movements, which quickly gained an influential reputation.