1940 · United States
Helen Rae is an established contemporary artist, who originates from the United States. Helen Rae was born in 1940. Born in the same country and of the same generation are Sol LeWitt, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Jasper Johns and Dan Flavin.
Helen Rae most recent exhibition recorded on Artland was at Ricco / Maresca Gallery in New York (16 January 2020 until 20 March 2020) with the exhibition Vernacular Woman. Helen Rae's work has also been exhibited during the Summer Exhibition: Recent Works By exhibition at Andrew Edlin Gallery in New York, the United States (18 June 2019 - 08 August 2019).
Historical Context of United States
The United States, particularly New York city, remains as a focal point that has played a significant role in developing modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century. The concept of New York as a new cosmopolitan and highly influential art centre appeared in the post war era, and the city thrived in affirming its dominance over Paris, which used to be considered as the most powerful global art centre. The authority of the political and economic structures of the United States in the modern sphere has granted the country with a powerful influence on the visual culture of the world. Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, are essential art movements that blossomed in the United States. These very movements also reverberated into a multitude of variations, such as diverse forms of Abstract Expressionism, as well as East and West Coast adaptations of Pop Art, among others. Some internationally distinguished U.S artists of the modern age include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Helen Rae
Born in 1940, Helen Rae was primarily influenced by the 1950s growing up. It can be said that the 1950s were dominated by Abstract Expressionism, a form of painting that prioritised expressive brushstrokes and explored ideas about organic nature, spirituality and the sublime. Much of the focus was on the formal properties of painting, and ideas of action painting were unified with the political freedom of the United States society as opposed to the strict nature of the Soviet bloc. Influential artists of the Abstract Expressionist Generation included Jackson Pollock (who innovated his famed drip, splatter and pour painting techniques), Willem de Kooning, Mark Rothko, Frank Kline, Barnett Newman, Clyfford Still and Adolph Gottlieb. It was a male dominated environment, though necessary reassessment of this period has highlighted the contributions of female artists such as Lee Krasner, Joan Mitchell, and Louise Bourgeois, amongst others.