1944 · United States
Harmony Hammond is an established artist, who was born in the United States. Harmony Hammond was born in 1944. Artists Chuck Close, Dale Chihuly, Bruce Nauman, James Turrell and Barbara Kruger are of the same generation and same country as Harmony Hammond.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Harmony Hammond is represented and exhibited by Alexander Gray Associates in New York, the United States. Harmony Hammond's work has most recently been exhibited at White Cube | Bermondsey in London (11 September 2019 until 02 November 2019) with the exhibition Solo Exhibition. Harmony Hammond's other most recent exhibitions recorded on Artland include the exhibitions at; Susanne Vielmetter Los Angeles in the United States (18 November 2017 - 13 January 2018) with the name Recent Paintings and Fort Gansevoort Gallery in the United States (10 July 2019 - 09 August 2019) with the name A Look Back: 50 Years After Stonewall.
Historical Context of United States
The United States, especially New York city, endures as a central point that has played a substantial role in developing modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century. The idea of New York as a new cosmopolitan and highly powerful art centre emerged in the post war era, and the city succeeded in affirming its dominance over Paris, which used to be regarded as the most powerful global art centre. The predominance of the political and economic structures of the United States in the modern sphere has provided the country with a powerful influence on the visual culture of the world. Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, are essential art movements that blossomed in the US. These very movements also echoed into a myriad of variations, such as alternative forms of Abstract Expressionism, as well as East and West Coast variants of Pop Art, among others. Some internationally distinguished U.S artists of the contemporary period age include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Harmony Hammond
Born in 1944, Harmony Hammond's creative work was largely inspired by the 1960s. Artistically, the decade began with the twin movements of Pop and Minimalism emerging parallel to each other. On one hand, Pop advocated the visual culture of the mainstream and mass media, and of products and consumerism. Artwork by artists such as Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Tom Wesselmann and Claes Oldenberg was inspired by the popular culture of the rapidly developing Capitalism of the United States, using things like advertising, comic books and ideas surrounding celebrity culture as their main visual inspiration. A parallel movement was established on the West Coast in California - a strain that also related to language in art, and is viewed as the very first flowerings of conceptual art. Minimalism developed a formal language with no external references, predicated solely on line, colour and geometric form as key constituents of both painting and sculpture. The main figures of Minimalism included Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Agnes Martin. Colour Field painting, as practiced by Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland and Helen Frankenthaler, further explored some of the expressive philosophies of Abstract Expressionism, but removed much of the rhetoric, instead approaching a more rule-based approach to surface and colour that related this practice to Minimalism. Globally, many artistic movements resonated the artistic concerns of the above mentioned movements, often with regional fortes and nuance. In Italy, Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni established Spatialism, and in Germany the Zero group under the leadership of Gunter Uecker espoused similar ideas. The influential school of Existentialist Philosophy was an important source of inspiration for artists, with artists like Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti achieving international prominence for their distinguishing approaches to the human form and the angst related to the human condition.
- Galleries Representing this Artist